Philodendron (Love tree) - Care tips

Philodendron

The Philodendron is one of the most popular species in our webshop and also a species known to most people. The Philodendron is this popular because they are very air-purifying and not difficult to care for. In short, she is the ideal plant for everyone and every home!

Information about Philodendrons

Have you always wanted a ‘Love Tree’ in your home? We hear you thinking.. Love Tree? Yes, the Philodendron’s name comes from the Greek words ‘Philo’ which means love and ‘Dendron’ which means tree: ‘love tree’! The origin of the Philodendron lies in the rainforests of South America. It has several varieties in all sort of shapes, colours and sizes. Currently, there are almost 500 types of philodendron. Some like to climb and can even cover walls and others can be seen as miniature (indoor) trees.

Since Philodendrons are known as aroids, it is clear that they can thrive both outdoors in warm climates (Unfortunately for us (most) Europeans☹), and indoors as a houseplant. Philodendron varieties require low maintenance while offering her stunning and intricate leaf. This versatility is what makes them so popular among beginning plant parents but the experts as well. Besides being incredibly adaptive, the Philodendron’s leaves are basically air purifiers that gather polluting particles and release fresh and clean oxygen. We think this amazing!

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Philodendron varieties

It is not possible to name all the 480 types of the Philodendron, but we would like to show you a couple of our most popular, easy to care and beautiful Philodendron varieties. Many Philodendron varieties have multiple names, it is not strange that you get confused when searching online. There are also Philodendrons that are variegated, those Variegated Philodendrons have leaves with more than one colour or with patches of colour on their leaves and stem. Very unique but also more expensive because they are harder to breed (they need more light and they are slow growers). Now, let us get started with introducing a few Philodendrons.

The Philodendron Scandens, or also known as the Heartleaf or Sweetheart Philodendron. She is very easy-going and doesn’t require you to have a green thumb to stay beautiful. This type of Philodendron can trail or climb. It is a good idea to pinch the stem (with clean scissors) near a node to encourage new growth and it helps the plant to become bushy.

Another variety with velvety heart-shaped leaves is the Philodendron Micans. The greenish-bronze leaves with their almost rusty colored undersides are striking. When you give her a large, spacious room she can even grow into a length of 6 feet.

One of maybe the most beautiful and striking Philodendrons (we think so though..) are the Philodendron Gloriosum and the Philodendron Melanochrysum. The Gloriosum that is characterized by her velvety green leaves with amazing white veins that grow in cute heart shapes and the Melanochrysum with her dark green crystalline leaves with a bright yellowish vein. The crystalline appearance on the leaves resemble specks of gold. Melanochrysum, in fact, means ‘Black Gold’.

The last Philodendron varieties that we want to highlight are the Philodendrons with some more colour. The Philodendron Prince of Orange gets its name from its uniquely leaves, which change color over time. New growth starts in a yellow colour when it first emerges, transitioning first to copper tones, and ultimately settling into a darker shade of green. At last the rare Philodendron Painted Lady. The leaves emerge in a neon green an fade to a darker green when they mature. And don’t forget of course the beautiful mottled pattern that makes the Philodendron Painted Lady so special.

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Philodendron Plant Care Tips

The most Philodendrons are relatively easy to care for and quite forgiving. However, please check the requirements for the specific variety of the Philodendron you are caring for. We notice that a lightweight soil, with the addition of organic material, is perfect for the Philodendron and will help her shine!

Light and placement for Philodendrons

The Philodendron in a location with bright but indirect sunlight is a happy plant. A position near a window where the sun never actually touch her foliage is perfect. If several leaves turn yellow at the same time, the plant may be getting to much indirect sunlight! On the other hand, the plant probably isn’t getting enough light, when the stems are leggy and long with several inches between the leaves. Please note that it is normal for older leaves to turn yellow.

Water

When you want your Philodendron to grow up the best possible way, you should allow the top 2-3 centimetres of the soil to dry out between watering. Droopy leaves can mean that the plant is getting too much or not enough water. But the leaves will recover quick when you correct your watering schedule.

Nutrition

Water the plant with fertilizer monthly in spring and summer and every six to eight weeks in fall and winter. Small leaf size and slow growth is her way of telling you that it is not getting enough fertilizer. Pale new leaves usually indicate that the plant isn’t getting enough calcium and magnesium, which are essential micro-nutrients for philodendrons.

Propagating Philodendrons

We understand that you love your Philodendron so much that you want to create new babies. Propagating Philodendrons is definitely possible and not even that hard! For most Philodendrons it just takes a cut from the stem (between 2 nodes). You can easily put the cutting into water or soil (a light soil, so mix it with perlite for example). Check your cutting after a few weeks (after aprox 4 weeks) to see if there are roots growing and enjoy your new baby! We recommend to always double check the best way to propagate your type of Philodendron though.

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Most common pests on Philodendrons

Root rot caused by too much water, too little water or insects and mites are the most common problems. While philodendrons are generally pest-free, aphids, mealybugs, scales and spider mites can infest them sometimes. Our PLNTS Doctor to the rescue! On this page you can find all the tips and tricks that you need when your Philodendron shows signs of problems.

Are Philodendrons poisonous for pets or children?

It is important to note that the philodendron is considered toxic to your furry friends and children. So keep your babies away from each other. Sometimes it can also cause skin irritation when being pruned or handled.

Buy your new Philodendron at PLNTS.com

At PLNTS.com you can buy over 20 different types of the Philodendron, like the Philodendron Birkin, the Philodendron Majesty and the Philodendron Xanadu. With so many varieties to choose from, there really is a Philodendron for everyone!

Whether you like your Philodendrons big from the start or prefer to grow them from tiny BabyPLNTS into full-grown PLNTS - we’ve got you covered!

Hi, I'm Emma, your PLNTS.com guide!

Hi, I’m Emma, your PLNTS.com guide!

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